SRI NARASIMHAAVATHARA – SIGNIFICANCE

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Lakshma Samalingitha Vaamabhagam LakshmiNrusimham Saranam Prapadye!!
Lord Sri Maha Vishnu has incarnated on this Earth in many forms called Avatharas. All
his Avatharas had specific significance and were always meant for a particular cause or
purpose. It could be for Dusta Sikshana, or for Sista Rakshana, or for protection of
Dharma etc. The longevity and form of His Avatharas depends on the needof the hour
and the purpose. The types of avatharas Lord Vishnu has taken are classified into
Paripoorna Avathara, Amsaavathara, Aavesaavathara, and Archaavathara.

Shodasha bahu pancha mukha Narsimha

Significance of Narasimha Avathara
Out of the several avatharas of Lord Vishnu, ten important incarnations are classified as
Dasaavatharas. Among them Nrusimhaavathara has attained a rare significance and
importance. All His avatharas are generally of a single form. But Nrusimhaavathara is
of a dual form, Nara + Simha. Nara means man and Lion is an animal. Narasimha
means combined form of a Lion and a Man. This was the 4th avathara among the
Dasaavatharas and it was a Krutha Yuga Avathara said to have taken place in
Chakshuva Manvanthara. It is said that reference to Lord Narasimha is found in as
many as 15 puranas, and a separate Purana (Upa Purana) itself has been scripted in his
name called Nrusimha Purana.
It was an instant avathara, called as Aavesaavathara (no prior preparations were made)
where the Lord Narasimha appears in a very ferocious and fascinating form.
Narasimha Avathara is referred to as a very powerful, precious avathara and the Lord
Narasimha is depicted as a great protector at the time of need. He is the God of Gods.
He is Mrithyu for the Mrithyu (one who eliminates the death cycles)
Sri Vishnu Sahasra Nama describes Lord Vishnu as “NaarasimhaVapu Sreemaan
Kesavah Purushothama” meaning He is the one who has taken a rare and unique form
of a man and a lion whose worship will eradicate the ignorance, possessor of Goddess
of wealth Sri Maha Lakshmi who always dwells in his chest, one who has beautiful and
charming hair, the giver of knowledge to Gods, greatest among all Purushas, the
Supreme Soul, who is omnipotent and omniscient.

Legend behind the Avathara (Story of Prahlada)
The legend behind this goes back to the days of Krita Yuga when two demon brothers
Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakasipa were creating lot of trouble to the mankind and
devathas. The elder brother Hiranyaksha was killed by Lord Maha Vishnu in his
Varaha Avathara. In order to take a revenge on Lord Vishnu, the demon Hiranyakasipa
started doing a severe penance. When Lord Brahma appeared before him as a result of
the penance Hiranyakasipa asks for a rare boon. The boon was that he (Hiranyakasipa)
should not get killed by any deity or demi God or demon, by a man or a beast, should
not get killed with five elements (Pancha Bhootha), either in the day or night, either
indoors or outdoors, by any kind of weapon and accordingly the boon was granted by
Lord Brahma.
In the mean time Hiranyakasipa’s wife Vedavathi who was pregnant before he left for
the penance delivered a male child Prahlada who went on to become an ardent devotee
of Lord Sri ManNarayana for whose sake and cause the Lord had totake the Narasimha
Avathara. While he was in his Mother’s womb Prahlada was listening and responding
to divine stories. Seeing this sage Narada preached (upadesa) Prahlada the Narayana
Ashtakshari Manthra and the child started reciting this manthra while he was in his
mother’s womb itself.
As Prahlada started growing he started learning Narayana Tatva and started
influencing his friends also with his preachings’ which his father Hiranyakasipa did not
like. Since Prahlada was not listening to his father’s words in this context and not
stopping the recitation of Narayana Manthra, several attempts were made to change the
mind of Prahlada and lots of restrictions were also imposed on him. But they were of no
use and Prahlada was showing exemplary courage every time. In the process he had to
meet with severe punishments also in the hands of his demon father Hiranyakasipa but
every time getting saved with the kind Grace of Lord Sri ManNarayana.
Hiranyakasipa was fed up with his son’s attitude and wanted to finish him once for all.
In the immediate next confrontation with his son Prahlada on the issue of Lord Sri Man
Narayana’s omnipresence, Hiranyakasipa emotionally asks his son Prahlada to show
the Lord in a pillar in his palace and hits the pillar with his mace. All pervading Lord
SriManNarayana in order to prove the truth in his devotee’s words instantly appears
and comes out of the pillar in a rare and ferocious form as Narasimha. Keeping in mind
the boon Hiranyakasipa had on his death, Lord Narasimha pounces upon the demon,
drags him to the threshold of the palace door, keeps him on his thighs and kills him
with his finger nails (Nakha) at a time when it was Pradosha (neither day nor night)
thus fulfilling the conditions of his death.
After killing the demon Hiranyakasipa, the fearful and ferocious form of Lord
Narasimha did not calm down and it was roaring, creating greaterscare among the
devathas. To make him cool down Devathas had to request Prahlada to pray him and
it is said that they had to even invoke Goddess Lakshmi also to come down to pacify
him. Finally with the prayers from Prahlada and with the presence of his consort
Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Narasimha got cooled down. Prahlada was crowned as the
emperor of the kingdom which he ruled for several thousands of years.

Purpose of Narasimhaavathara
The specific purpose of this avathara was for protection of his devotee Prahlada from
his demon father Hiranyakasipa, to prove a point and to make true the words of his
devotee that God is in existence every where. Prahlada’s episode proves that God will
always come to the rescue of his devotees who prays him with sincere devotion.

Why this rare form?
Because of the rare boon Hiranyakasipa had the Lord had to take this rare form which
was neither man nor animal. In using the Lion Head, the message was that Lion, the
king of animals hunts its target and kills it only when it is hungry and non else and
doesn’t store its food unlike other animals. Similarly in his Narasimha Avathara the
purpose was only to kill the demon Hiranyakasipa to save his devotee and nothing else
and there was no need to kill any body else. The avathara also ended with the killing of
Hiranyakasipa. He is the lion among the Gods and the people.
He killed him with his nails which is not a weapon and the timing was neither day time
nor night, it was Pradosha time. He killed him on his thighs to fulfill the condition of
not getting killed in Pancha Bhoothas. It is said that the Dasaavatharas of Lord Vishnu
have link to the concept of evolution starting with Mastyaavathara (Pisces) transformed
into a full fledged human being in Ramaavathara and Krishnaavathara.
Narasimhaavathara is the beginning of transformation from animal to man (half animal
and half man)

Temples of Lord Narasimha
There are many temples in our country dedicated to Lord Narasimha out of which
majority are in South India and more so in Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major temples
of Lord Narasimha are Ahobilam,Mangalagiri, Simhachalam,Putta konda, vedadri, Antharvedi, Kadiri in Andhra Pradesh, Dharmapuri, Yadagirigutta, Bejjanki, Mallur, Nampally, Kotla Narsimhulapalle, Chelapur, in  Telangana State, Namakkal, Ghatikachala, and Chintalvadi in Tamil Nadu, Melukote, Saligrama, and Mulabagalu in Karnataka States.

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 Nrisimha Jayanthi

It is believed and said that Narasimhaavathara has occurred on the 14th day of Lunar
Month called Sukla Chaturdasi in the lunar month Vaisakha in the star constellation of
Swathi. To commemorate the incarnation of Lord Narasimha, special celebrations are
held every year on this day called Nrusimha Jayanthi. Worshiping the Lord during                                  Pradosha time on this day is very effective and arghya to be given with the following sloka
Parithranaya Saadhunaam Jaatho VishnorNrukesari
Gruhanarghyam Maya Dattam SaLakshmirNruhari: Swayam!
In some cultures there is a tradition of fasting on this day. On this day special
celebrations are held in all the temples of Lord Narasimha. At Ahobilam a ten day
festival is held on this occasion.

Lord Narasimha – The Divine Astro Remedy
Worshipping Lord Narasimha is considered to be very effective remedy for astrological
related problems especially the Mars related and Saturn related problems. Mars is
considered to be the Paramatma Amsa of Nrusimhaavathara. For people born under
the star constellation of Mrigasira, Chitta and Dhanista whose star Lord is Mars, regular
worship of Lord Narasimha will be very useful. In general for Navagraha Doshas,
apamrityu dosha, sufferings from ill health, debts, enemies, obstacles in life, Lord
Narasimha worship is a suggested remedy. It will also be very useful and effective
while undergoing the periods of Sade Sath, Astama Sani, and Ardhastama Sani (all
related to Saturn).

Some of the powerful prayers of Lord Narasimha
Nrusimha Mantra Rajam, Nava Narasimha Mantram, Prahlada Virachita Narasimha
Kavacham, Sri Nrusimha Panchamrutha Sthothram (by Lord Sri Rama), Sri
Mantrarajapada Sthothram (by Lord Shiva), Rina Vimochana Sri Nrusimha Sthothram
(from Nrusimha Purana), Nakha Sthuthi (Sri Madhvacharya), Sri Narasimha Sthuthi
(by Sri Narayana Panditacharya), Sanaischara Virachita Sri Nrusimha Kavacham, Sri
Nrusimha Karavalamba Sthothram (by Sri Aadi Sankaracharya). All these are very
powerful prayers and will yield definite results if done with all sincerity and devotion.

Nrusimha Mantra Rajam
Ugram Veeram Maha Vishnum Jwalantham Sarvathomukham!
Nrusimham Bheeshanam Bhadram Mruthyu Mruthyum Namaamyaham!!
I surrender and bow to Lord Narasimha “who is ferocious and heroic, who is Maha
Vishnu, radiant and glowing from all sides, who is omnipresent, who is terrific, who is
adorable, who bestows auspiciousness and who is the death of death personified.”
Above sloka is called as Sri Nrusimha MantraRajam, a very powerful manthra when
recited with sincere devotion, will come to the rescue of the person in times of need,
sudden aberrations and obstacles in life.

Nava Naarasimha Manthram
Jwaalaa Ahobila Maalola Krodha Karanja Bhargava!
Yogaananda Chatravata Paavana Navamoorthaya!!

Runa Vimochana Sri Nrusimha Sthothram
Devata karya sidhyartham sabhasthambha samudbhavam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runa mukthaye!!
Lakshmyaalingitha vamangam bhakthanaam varadayakam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runa mukthaye!!
Aantramaladharam, sankhachakrabjaaayudha dhaarinam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Smaranath sarvapapagnam khadruja vishanasanam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Simhanadena mahatha digdhanthi bhayanasanam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Prahlada varadam Srisam daithyeswaravidharanam!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Krooragrahaih peedithanam bhakthanamabhaya pradham!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Vedavedanthayajnesam BrahmaRudradhivandhitham!
Sri Nrusimham mahaveeram namami runamukthaye!!
Ya idham patathe nithyam runamochana samjnitham
Anruni jaayathe sadhyo, dhanam seegramavapnuyath

Above sthothram is an extract from Sri Nrusimha Purana. Daily reciting this sthothram
will ward off evils and sufferings from ill health, debts and enemies.

Maata Nrusimhascha Pitaa Nrusimha
Bhrataa Nrusimhascha Sakha Nrusimha!!
VidyaaNrusimho Dravinam Nrusimha
Swami Nrusimha Sakalam Nrusimha!!
Itho Nrusimha Paratho Nrusimha
Yatho Yatho Yaamithatho Nrusimha!!
Nrusimhadevaadaparam Na Kinchittasmat
Nrusimham Saranam Prapadye!!

Irrespective of the caste and creed people strongly believe and have faith in Lord
Narasimha who has become a family deity and a source of instant remedy for many day
to day problems. Lord Narasimha bestows health, education, wealth, prosperity, and
relieves his devotees from all types of debts (Rinas)

Bharjanam Bhavabeejanaam Sarjanam Sarvasampadam!
Traasanam Yamadoothanam Nruharrnama Garjanam!!

Jai Nrusimha jai shri Nrusimha jai jai shri Nrusimha

 

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